A recent study examines the effects of a 2005 Executive Order in Iowa that automatically restored voting rights to former felons who had completed their sentence. Before 2005, persons with felony convictions had to apply to the Governor to have their voting rights restored. Since the Executive Order was enacted, an estimated 100,000 Iowa ex-felons have had their voting rights restored.
Moreover, the analysis found that voter turnout among persons with
felony convictions increased substantially following the policy change
and that notification of voting rights restoration increased voter
turnout among the released prisoner population by four to eight
percentage points in the 2008 presidential election.
Unfortunately, in January 2011, Iowa Governor Terry Branstad issued his
own Executive Order that rescinded the 2005 advancement, once again
requiring ex-offenders to petition the Governor individually to have
their voting rights restored. The study's authors predict that this will
inhibit turnout, noting that many persons with felony convictions would
vote but are discouraged because of the "burdensome application
This is particularly unfortunate because, in Iowa, African-Americans account for almost 25% of the prison population, although they make up only 2.8% of the state's population. This can severely impact both the civic and economic health of the community, as well as the correctional system. Research has shown that restoring voting rights to ex-offenders can reduce the recidivism rates of released prisoners.
What are the voting rights of felons in your state? Find out on our website and check out our felon disenfranchisement factsheet in English and Spanish.